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Ebola virus disease (EVD), Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola is a disease of humans and other primates caused by an ebolavirus. Symptoms start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, sore throat, muscle pain and headaches. Typically, vomiting, diarrhea and rash follow, along with decreased function of the liver and kidneys. Around this time, affected people may begin to bleed both within the body and externally.

The virus may be acquired upon contact with blood or other bodily fluids of an infected human or other animal. Spreading through the air has not been documented in the natural environment. Fruit bats are believed to be a carrier and may spread the virus without being affected. Once human infection occurs, the disease may spread between people as well. Male survivors may be able to transmit the disease via semen for nearly two months. To diagnose EVD, other diseases with similar symptoms such as malaria, cholera and other viral hemorrhagic fevers are first excluded. Blood samples are tested for viral antibodies, viral RNA, or the virus itself to confirm the diagnosis.

DR Congo declares end of Ebola outbreakDR Congo declares end of Ebola outbreak FRANCE 24 English (Sun Jul 02)
Return to Liberia: Life after surviving EbolaReturn to Liberia: Life after surviving Ebola Al Jazeera English (Tue Jun 13)
Guinea is EbolaGuinea is Ebola BBC News (World) (Tue Dec 29)
Life after Ebola – in picturesLife after Ebola – in pictures The Guardian (Tue Dec 29)